Article 10 of the Convention provides: “(1) Computer programs, whether in source code or subject matter, are protected as literary works under the Berne Convention (1971). (2) Compilations of data or other documents, machine-readable or in another form, which, by reason of the selection or arrangement of their content, constitute intellectual creations shall be protected as such. This protection, which does not extend to the data or the material itself, does not affect the copyright that exists in the data or the material itself. As an alternative for the TRIPS scientists published here in response to numerous requests, are the official documents on the subject of the 1986-94 Uruguay Round of trade negotiations. They give scientists an idea of how the TRIPS Agreement came into being. The documents contain reports of meetings, other documents compiled by the GATT Secretariat and communications from negotiators. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) entered into force in 1995 under the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO). The TRIPS Agreement includes and builds on the latest versions of the major intellectual property agreements administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, which date back to the 1880s. Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (Annex 1C to the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of 15 April 1994); see Gattt Secretariat, The Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, Legal Texts 365 et seq. (1994), www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/legal_e.htm#wtoagreement (accessed November 25, 2003). Climate change and the WTO TRIPS Agreement (TRIPS) have imposed on the world the intellectual property regime in the United States and Europe, as is the case today. I think the way the intellectual property system has evolved is not good for the US and the EU; but what is more, I do not think it is in the interests of developing countries. In addition to the basic intellectual property standards created by the TRIPS Agreement, many countries have engaged in bilateral agreements aimed at introducing a higher standard of protection. .