The perfect past and past perfect constant tensions do not change. Language learners should strictly follow the rules of the time sequence, especially in formal language and writing and in different oral and written English exams. Still difficulties with “the understanding of tensions in the reported discourse”? Improve your English with Gymglish – try our free English lessons and receive a free level score! “You should come, it will be a lot of fun,” she said. Indirect speech: She convinced me to come. Direct and indirect discourse gives us an excellent opportunity to understand how the rules of the chain of tension work. For comparison, the examples are given in pairs in the following material: the first sentence in each pair is in direct language, and the second sentence is the same sentence in indirect language. The first rule is to select a report verb and a voltage. The reported language sometimes appears in popular songs. Singer Lisa Loeb begins the song “Stay” with a verb reported in the present to show that action is a habit. Indirect reports on issues consist of a report clause and a report-based clause, beginning with a wh word (who, what, when, where, why, how). We do not use a question mark: changes to personal pronouns in indirect reports depend on whether the person reporting the speech and the person who said the original words are the same or different words. “I didn`t finish the coffee,” he says.
Indirect speech: he denied having finished coffee. “Wait here,” he said. Indirect speech: he told us to wait there. Auxiliary verb – n. a verb (e.g.B. have, be, may, do, soll, will, can, or must) that is used with another verb to show the tension of the verb, make a question, etc. Indirect discourse focuses more on the content of what someone has said than on their specific words. In the indirect language, the structure of the notified clause depends on whether the spokesperson declares an instruction, question or order. We often use the present in newspaper headlines. This makes the reported speech more dramatic: George said he was going to meet Karen the next day. (several days later, the meeting has already taken place) In the past, people thought the Earth was flat. (the reported words are no longer true; people don`t believe the earth is flat) Some, but not all, modal verbs “move” over time and change into indirect language.
Finally, make sure that the language you are referring to uses a modal verb. Will, can and will change, could and should, if reported. Will is used to make statements about the future in English. If this kind of statement is reported. Compare these phrases: we often have to tell others what someone else said. There are two ways to do it. One is to say the same words and use quotation marks. It`s a direct speech. The other method is to summarize or tell what someone said.
This term is called “declared language.” Before we get into the speech coverage rules, here are the terms we use to explain it.